Rewrite of Niacin chapter

Statistics showed that the Niacin chapter of my book was the most read in recent times, but on a reread of it, I felt it needed a lot of work, so I put more time into it today, extending it to twice the size by writing about the interesting history of how Pellegra was eventually shown to be nutrition-caused and not infectious as was the common belief at the time.
Here is what I wrote:


Niacin and Pellagra

Niacin was discovered in 1837 by the Austrian chemist Hugo Weidel, who synthesised it by oxidising nicotine with nitric acid. He called the resulting compound "nicotinic acid". It was already known that a compound could be created by oxidising nicotine, but no-one had managed to create enough of the resulting acid to be able to figure out its properties.

Even though Niacin was discovered in 1837, it wasn't until 100 years later that it was recognised as a nutrient. The story for that leads through an epidemic in southern USA.

Pellegra

At the beginning of the twentieth century, in the southern US states, a large number of people started dying of a disease called "Black Tongue", "Zeism", or "Mal De La Rosa". We now call it pellegra. In 1914, it had escalated to the point that the United States senate declared it an epidemic and started working on figuring it out [1].

Symptoms included diarrhoea, mental confusion, loss of weight, weakness, irritation in the mouth and stomach linings, and lesions of the skin. Skin, especially that which was exposed to the sun, would become dark, thick, and scaly. The disease was sometimes misdiagnosed as leprosy. Sometimes the mental confusion would lead to depression, irrational violence, or lethargy.


Pellagra symptoms in the hands

Two our of every three people that exhibited signs of pellegra died of it.

It was believed, based on centuries of the disease in other countries, that pellegra was caused by diseased or spoiled corn.

The favoured meal of the day was corn-bread and mollasses. They were cheap and abundant. It was not easy then to get a varied diet.

North Carolina, for example, had a quarter of a million farms in the early 20th century, most of which were manned by low-waged people living on tenant-farms. The cash-crops at the time were cotton and tobacco. Food crops common at the time were wheat, oats, corn, rice, sweet potatoes [1]. If you wanted to eat, it would be made from those staples.

It was recognised by most doctors that pellegra was associated strongly with poverty and with diet.

However, the idea that people were dying because they were poor was politically distasteful, causing some politicians to utterly deny it. In Georgia, a senator was sent a wire stating "When this part of Georgia suffers from famine, the rest of the world will be dead!". Another group sent a letter to president Harding, said "Famine does not exist anywhere in the South, and we fail to find a general increase in pellagra". When people get stubborn, you can't show them what's right in front of them.

An alternative theory started to gain ground, that pellegra was an infectious disease, and therefore not related to poverty or diet. This theory had no evidence backing it, and existed purely because its proponents could not bear the shame that perhaps the USA was not feeding its workers properly.

Tests on prison inmates, orphans, and the insane

In 1914, Dr Joseph G Goldberger was assigned by the surgeon general to work on the problem, starting it by doing a three-week tour of a hospital, orphanages, and an asylum for the insane, which helped him confirm that Pellegra is not a communicable disease. Not one staff member at any of the institutions caught pellegra from the patients or inmates.

With an insight, Goldbeger noted the monotony of the meals that were provided at these institutions. He noted that even though patients and staff ate from the same menus, the staff usually ate first, taking the choicest meals and leaving the worst, and the staffcould supplement their meals with food bought elsewhere.

At the orphanages, pellegra did not occur in children under 6 or over 12. Goldbeger noted that the infants had meals supplemented with extra milk, and the older children were given work to do and then rewarded with better food.

The link was obvious, once pointed out. Goldbeger set out to prove it.

He set up an experiment using federal money, where some of the orphanages and some of the asylum inmates were fed with more varied diets. Everyone that was given the new varied diets recovered from their pellegra, and did not relapse.

He reported his success to the Public Health Service, but unfortunately had to stop the program when he ran out of funding. As soon as he did, the old diet was resumed in all places, and the patients started getting pellegra again.

The next year, in 1915, he presented his results at the Association for the Study of Pellegra. At the meetings, he was vilified by proponents of the infectious disease theory, and his cnclusion that a more varied diet was the solution, was ridiculed.

To prove his case, Dr Goldbeger decided he would cause pellegra. If he could selectively decide who got pellegra, and who didn't, and his decisions came true, that would be proof enough.

He got the help of a prison in Mississippi which had never had a case of pellegra, thus eliminating the "infectious" part of the argument. Eleven volunteer prisoners were housed separately from the rest and fed a strict diet of biscuits, gravy, grits (porridge made from corn), cornbread, rice, syrup (sugar), collards, and yams.

The experiment begane in February, and was stopped at the end of October. Pellegra was present in more than half of them. Goldberger was accused of torture. Even doctors who had applauded his efforts before were now criticising him. Skeptics were still not convinced pellegra was not infectious. You can't pleases everyone.

In another attempt to prove that pellegra was not infectious, Dr Goldbeger ran some "filth parties", where he injected himself, associates, and his wife with blood from infected pellegra patients, and ate dough balls which contained skin scales, urine, and faeces from pellegra sufferers. No-one contracted pellegra. There was some diarrhoeah and nausea, but that's understandable. The skeptics were again not convinced…

In the end, he stopped trying to convince people that refused to be convinced, and instead devoted his time to trying to find what was missing from the diets, based on the research he had done so far. He called it "PPF" (pellegra preventative factor). Others called it "vitamin G" (for Goldbeger).

His diet suggestions were noted, and saved many thousands of people, even before niacin was eventually isolated.

Goldbeger came across an animal insight. He became aware of a paper on malnutrition where doctors stufying malnutrition at Yale had fed dogs on a restricted diet of boiled peas, cracker meal, and cottonseed oil. The dogs developed symptoms that looked very much like pellegra, with sores and haemorrhages in the mouth leading it to have a blackened tongue.

Dogs in the south, around the area where pellegra was most active, had been noted to sometimes have a "canine plague" which the infectious theory proponents thought helped prove the idea that the disease was being carried from person to person, sometimes via dog.

One side effect of the ulcers in the mouth was that the dogs found it difficult to swallow. To help with this, owners sometimes used yeast as a salve, which helped cure the issues.

Goldbeger and his team realised that the yeast must contain the PPF.

In 1927, the Mississippi flooded, and Goldbeger was able to arrange for a large amount of the yeast to be shipped into places along the Mississippi that were afflicted. That year, the expected outbreaks of pellegra were dramatically reduced. Next year, however, the floods did not return, so he could not allocate the money again, and pellegra returned.

By now, it was well known (among those that would listen) that the cure was a varied diet, and the cause itself was a matter of narrowing down the possibilities.

The last thing that Goldbeger worked on before his death in 1929 was on trying to extract PPF from liver, which was found to be very effective in curing pellegra in both dogs and humans.

It wasn't until 1937, though, that the factor was eventually identified, and found by the biochemist Conrad Elvehjem, who had carried on the search.

PPF, the pellegra preventative factor, turned out to be nicotinic acid, now called niacin, which had been discovered 100 years before hand, but no use had been discovered for it.

Uses

It is now known that niacin treats pellegra, and can also be used to treat high blood cholesterol.

Very high doses can cause liver damage, but the damage will usually revert when if the level of niacin is brought down to the RDA. Overdosing at a 1-6g level can have a side-effect of lowering cholesterol, though, and this is used in treatment for hypercholesterolemia.

The recommended daily amounts for niacin are 16mg for males, and 14mg for females. 35mg will give you a "niacin flush", where the face or upper body turns red and feels like it is burning.

New chapter – good and bad habits

I recently read through a few hundred research papers to find references to “all cause mortality”, looking for studies done on various habits, in order to see what are the best habits to have in order to increase your lifespan.

I’ve converted the list into a chapter in my book (“How to Live Forever“) – a practical list of habits to take up or avoid. I think I did a good job of it!

The online version is here.

The items in the list are proven – I have links to the research papers right next to each point, and did my best to avoid any studies that had ridiculously low numbers in them (for example, a study of 5 people won’t get in the list, but there are a few where the cohort is larger than 100,000).

The list only contains common habits and practical tips. There is nothing in there about Quantum Immortality, for example, because that’s not a habit (and no-one really knows is quantum immortality real anyway). There’s also nothing in there about senolytics, because even though senolytics have a very profound ability to affect your lifespan, they’re not commonly available enough that you can make them into a habit.

Telomere lengthening as a treatment for Progeria

Telomeres are end-caps that keep your DNA from fraying. Over the years, they get smaller and smaller, until they’re so small the cells go into senescence mode and stop splitting.

When a cell is in senescence mode, it refuses to die, and instead just hangs around giving out inflammation-inducing proteins. Senescent cells are useful for helping healing wounds, but other than that, they’re a nuisance.

A study by John P. Cooke and associates found that telomeres in progeria sufferers tend to shorten much quicker than usual. This leads to very quick aging of the body, and usually death by age 15 or so.

In normal cells, telomeres cause death by aging by about age 120 (the Hayflick limit). The observation that telomere shortening is highly linked to aging in progeria makes that all the more obvious.

There has been speculation that telomere lengthening would help improve life-span, but very little evidence in humans, because we live so long compared to lab animals.

In 2015, Elizabeth Parrish, head of the company Bioviva, became the first person to undergo a telomere-lengthening treatment, and follow-up tests showed that she had indeed lengthened them by 9%, but there was nothing noticeable to show that the treatment had any positive effect.

The study done by Cooke showed that extending telomeres in progeria sufferers has an almost immediate effect, with a decrease in senescence-related beta-galactosidase staining, and reduced secretion of inflammatory cytokines. In Elizabeth’s case, it is possible she just had not reached the age where those would be measurable.

Telomere extension is one of the most important treatments that we will need to get into local clinics. It’s great to see it making some proper traction!

FOXO4 DRI prices (July 2017)

[updated price list]

I’ve removed a few entries from the table of prices I was tracking, because they were not DRI peptides.

If you are buying in bulk, it would be cheaper to synthesise, as discovered by some people at Longecity, who were quoted about $231.15 per 30mg dose, as long as you’re willing to fork out nearly $8000 to buy a 1000mg shipment.

The off-the-shelf prices are coming down quickly, month by month, as you can see, with NovoPro being the first lab to provide 30mg for less than $2000 (down from more than twice the price only two months ago!)

Shop May June July
Bucky Labs 2460 2265
NovoPro 4060.2 2144.6 1756.8

Hopefully next month, there will be more labs providing FOXO4 DRI off-the-shelf.

It’s still very expensive, but I’m certain that as demand ramps up, the prices will drop.

If you are aware of any lab that sells FOXO4 D-Retro-Inverso(DRI) peptide please comment below so I can add them to the list

Foods High in Calcium and Vitamin D

I saw this question asked recently and wondered how you would measure it. It’s (relatively) easy to see what foods are high in Vitamin D or in Calcium – download the USDA nutrition database and sort by either column. But to measure both?

Food has nutrition in different ratios. Some have low amounts of calcium and high vitamin D, some high and low, some low and low, some high and high. That’s obviously a simplification.

How to measure? Well, the method I chose was to make a spreadsheet with the values of calcium in mg and vitamin D in mcg, add two columns which measure how they relate to the recommended daily amounts for those nutritions, and a third column which multiplies the two RDA relations together. Then I sorted by that multiple.

The resulting table gives this list of foods high in calcium and vitamin D, ordered by their multiple of the recommended daily allowance, in descending order:

long_desc calcium (mg) *rda vitamin_d (mcg) *rda together
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Whole Grain TOTAL 3333 83.33 8.30 0.83 69.16
Babyfood, cereal, oatmeal, dry fortified 1160 29.00 12.70 1.27 36.83
Milk, dry, nonfat, regular, with added vitamin A and vitamin D 1257 31.43 11.00 1.10 34.57
Milk, dry, nonfat, instant, with added vitamin A and vitamin D 1231 30.78 11.00 1.10 33.85
Beverages, UNILEVER, SLIMFAST Shake Mix, high protein, whey powder, 3-2-1 Plan, 1039 25.98 9.60 0.96 24.94
Milk, dry, whole, with added vitamin D 912 22.80 10.50 1.05 23.94
Beverages, nutritional shake mix, high protein, powder 714 17.85 12.50 1.25 22.31
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, TOTAL Raisin Bran 1887 47.18 4.70 0.47 22.17
Cheese product, pasteurized process, American, vitamin D fortified 1360 34.00 6.50 0.65 22.10
Protein supplement, milk based, Muscle Milk Light, powder 1200 30.00 7.00 0.70 21.00
Beverages, rich chocolate, powder 909 22.73 9.10 0.91 20.68
Beverages, OVALTINE, Classic Malt powder 909 22.73 9.10 0.91 20.68
Beverages, OVALTINE, chocolate malt powder 909 22.73 9.10 0.91 20.68
Cheese, pasteurized process, American, fortified with vitamin D 1045 26.13 7.50 0.75 19.59
Infant formula, ABBOTT NUTRITION, SIMILAC, GO AND GROW, powder, with ARA and DHA 998 24.95 7.70 0.77 19.21
Infant formula, GERBER, GOOD START 2, PROTECT PLUS, powder 956 23.90 7.70 0.77 18.40
Babyfood, cereal, rice, dry fortified 860 21.50 8.50 0.85 18.28
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, ENFAGROW, GENTLEASE, Toddler, LIPIL, powder 970 24.25 7.50 0.75 18.19
Infant Formula, GERBER GOOD START 2, GENTLE PLUS, powder 935 23.38 7.40 0.74 17.30
Beverages, Dairy drink mix, chocolate, reduced calorie, with low-calorie sweeteners, powder 1412 35.30 4.70 0.47 16.59
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, NEXT STEP, PROSOBEE LIPIL, powder, with ARA and DHA 920 23.00 7.10 0.71 16.33
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, NEXT STEP PROSOBEE, powder, not reconstituted 920 23.00 7.10 0.71 16.33
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, ENFAGROW, Soy, Toddler, LIPIL, powder 930 23.25 7.00 0.70 16.28
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, ENFACARE LIPIL, with iron, powder, with ARA and DHA 590 14.75 9.80 0.98 14.46
Fish, salmon, sockeye, canned, drained solids 232 5.80 21.00 2.10 12.18
Infant formula, ABBOTT NUTRITION, SIMILAC, NEOSURE, powder, with ARA and DHA 541 13.53 9.00 0.90 12.17
Toddler formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAGROW, PREMIUM (formerly ENFAMIL, LIPIL, NEXT STEP), powder 600 15.00 7.50 0.75 11.25
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, FIBER ONE 80 Calories, Chocolate Squares 1333 33.33 3.30 0.33 11.00
Infant formula, NESTLE, GOOD START 2 ESSENTIALS, with iron, powder 565 14.13 7.70 0.77 10.88
Infant formula, ABBOTT NUTRITION, SIMILAC, ISOMIL, with iron, powder, not reconstituted 540 13.50 7.70 0.77 10.39
Infant formula, ABBOTT NUTRITION, SIMILAC, ISOMIL, ADVANCE with iron, powder, not reconstituted 540 13.50 7.70 0.77 10.39
Fish, salmon, pink, canned, drained solids 283 7.08 14.50 1.45 10.26
Child formula, MEAD JOHNSON, PORTAGEN, with iron, powder, not reconstituted 440 11.00 9.30 0.93 10.23
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, PREGESTIMIL, with iron, powder, not reconstituted 580 14.50 7.00 0.70 10.15
Infant formula, NESTLE, GOOD START ESSENTIALS SOY, with iron, powder 526 13.15 7.70 0.77 10.13
Infant formula, ABBOTT NUTRITION, SIMILAC, SENSITIVE, (LACTOSE FREE), powder, with ARA and DHA 436 10.90 9.20 0.92 10.03
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, PROSOBEE, with iron, powder, not reconstituted 530 13.25 7.50 0.75 9.94
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, PROSOBEE LIPIL, with iron, powder, not reconstituted, with ARA and DHA 530 13.25 7.50 0.75 9.94
Infant formula, NESTLE, GOOD START SOY, with ARA and DHA, powder 526 13.15 7.50 0.75 9.86
Infant formula, GERBER, GOOD START 2 SOY, with iron, powder 526 13.15 7.50 0.75 9.86
Infant Formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, Premium, Newborn, powder 400 10.00 9.50 0.95 9.50
Salmon, sockeye, canned, total can contents 198 4.95 19.00 1.90 9.41
Formulated bar, SLIM-FAST OPTIMA meal bar, milk chocolate peanut 668 16.70 5.40 0.54 9.02
Beverages, UNILEVER, SLIMFAST Shake Mix, powder, 3-2-1 Plan 364 9.10 9.60 0.96 8.74
Infant formula, PBM PRODUCTS, store brand, soy, powder 453 11.33 7.60 0.76 8.61
Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS MARATHON Energy Bar, all flavors 754 18.85 4.50 0.45 8.48
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, LACTOFREE LIPIL, with iron, powder, with ARA and DHA 430 10.75 7.80 0.78 8.39
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, LACTOFREE, with iron, powder, not reconstituted 430 10.75 7.80 0.78 8.39
Infant formula, ABBOTT NUTRITION, SIMILAC, For Spit Up, powder, with ARA and DHA 432 10.80 7.70 0.77 8.32
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, FIBER ONE 80 Calories, Honey Squares 1000 25.00 3.30 0.33 8.25
Infant Formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, GENTLEASE, powder 420 10.50 7.80 0.78 8.19
Infant formula, ABBOTT NUTRITION, SIMILAC, with iron, powder, not reconstituted 410 10.25 7.90 0.79 8.10
Infant formula, ABBOTT NUTRITION, SIMILAC, low iron, powder, not reconstituted 410 10.25 7.90 0.79 8.10
Infant formula, ABBOTT NUTRITION, SIMILAC, ADVANCE, with iron, powder, not reconstituted 410 10.25 7.90 0.79 8.10
Cereals ready-to-eat, RALSTON Corn Biscuits 378 9.45 8.30 0.83 7.84
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, with iron, powder 400 10.00 7.80 0.78 7.80
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, LIPIL, with iron, powder, with ARA and DHA 400 10.00 7.80 0.78 7.80
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, low iron, powder, not reconstituted 400 10.00 7.80 0.78 7.80
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, AR LIPIL, powder, with ARA and DHA 397 9.93 7.70 0.77 7.64
Infant formula, ABBOTT NUTRITION, ALIMENTUM ADVANCE, with iron, powder, not reconstituted, with DHA and ARA 534 13.35 5.70 0.57 7.61
Egg, yolk, dried 289 7.23 10.40 1.04 7.51
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, NUTRAMIGEN, with iron, powder, not reconstituted 470 11.75 6.30 0.63 7.40
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, NUTRAMIGEN LIPIL, with iron, powder, not reconstituted, with ARA and DHA 470 11.75 6.30 0.63 7.40
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, NUTRAMIGEN, AA LIPIL, powder, not reconstituted 470 11.75 6.30 0.63 7.40
Fish, salmon, pink, canned, total can contents 215 5.38 13.70 1.37 7.36
Infant Formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, Premium LIPIL, Infant, powder 390 9.75 7.50 0.75 7.31
Infant Formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, Premium, Infant, powder 390 9.75 7.50 0.75 7.31
Cheese product, pasteurized process, American, reduced fat, fortified with vitamin D 529 13.23 5.30 0.53 7.01
Formulated bar, LUNA BAR, NUTZ OVER CHOCOLATE 886 22.15 3.10 0.31 6.87
Infant formula, NESTLE, GOOD START SUPREME, with iron, powder 343 8.58 7.70 0.77 6.60
Infant formula, GERBER, GOOD START, PROTECT PLUS, powder 343 8.58 7.70 0.77 6.60
Cereals ready-to-eat, RALSTON TASTEEOS 357 8.93 7.10 0.71 6.34
Infant formula, PBM PRODUCTS, store brand, powder 331 8.28 7.60 0.76 6.29
Protein supplement, milk based, Muscle Milk, powder 500 12.50 5.00 0.50 6.25
Fish, salmon, chum, canned, drained solids with bone 249 6.23 9.60 0.96 5.98
Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS MARATHON Protein Performance Bar, Caramel Nut Rush 625 15.63 3.80 0.38 5.94
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, CINNAMON TOAST CRUNCH 444 11.10 5.30 0.53 5.88
Infant formula, ABBOTT NUTRITION, SIMILAC, PM 60/40, powder not reconstituted 288 7.20 7.70 0.77 5.54
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, 25% Less Sugar CINNAMON TOAST CRUNCH 714 17.85 2.90 0.29 5.18
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Honey KIX 455 11.38 4.50 0.45 5.12
Egg, whole, dried 244 6.10 8.30 0.83 5.06
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, HONEY NUT CHEERIOS 425 10.63 4.60 0.46 4.89
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, KIX 570 14.25 3.30 0.33 4.70
Fish, sardine, Atlantic, canned in oil, drained solids with bone 382 9.55 4.80 0.48 4.58
Cereals, KELLOGG’S SPECIAL K NOURISH, Cinnamon Raisin Pecan, dry 385 9.63 4.70 0.47 4.52
Fish, mackerel, jack, canned, drained solids 241 6.03 7.30 0.73 4.40
Cheese food, pasteurized process, American, vitamin D fortified 682 17.05 2.50 0.25 4.26
Cheese food, pasteurized process, American, without added vitamin D 682 17.05 2.50 0.25 4.26
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, LUCKY CHARMS 434 10.85 3.90 0.39 4.23
Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG’S ALL-BRAN Original 389 9.73 4.30 0.43 4.18
Fish, mackerel, salted 66 1.65 25.20 2.52 4.16
Cheese, fresh, queso fresco 566 14.15 2.70 0.27 3.82
Vitasoy USA Nasoya, Lite Silken Tofu 394 9.85 3.80 0.38 3.74
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, COOKIE CRISP 385 9.63 3.80 0.38 3.66
Cereals, KELLOGG’S SPECIAL K NOURISH, Cranberry Almond, dry 385 9.63 3.80 0.38 3.66
Cereals, KELLOGG’S SPECIAL K NOURISH, Maple Brown Sugar Crunch, dry 385 9.63 3.80 0.38 3.66
Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, HONEY GRAHAM SQUARES 367 9.18 3.80 0.38 3.49
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Rice CHEX 370 9.25 3.70 0.37 3.42
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Berry Burst CHEERIOS, Triple Berry 370 9.25 3.70 0.37 3.42
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, FROSTED CHEERIOS 370 9.25 3.70 0.37 3.42
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, COUNT CHOCULA 370 9.25 3.70 0.37 3.42
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, COCOA PUFFS 370 9.25 3.70 0.37 3.42
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, DORA THE EXPLORER 370 9.25 3.70 0.37 3.42
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Fruity CHEERIOS 370 9.25 3.70 0.37 3.42
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, CHEERIOS, Chocolate 370 9.25 3.70 0.37 3.42
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Dulce De Leche CHEERIOS 370 9.25 3.70 0.37 3.42
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, CHEERIOS 401 10.03 3.40 0.34 3.41
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, BERRY BERRY KIX 421 10.53 3.20 0.32 3.37
Steelhead trout, dried, flesh (Shoshone Bannock) 85 2.13 15.70 1.57 3.34
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, CHOCOLATE LUCKY CHARMS 357 8.93 3.60 0.36 3.21
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, CHEERIOS, Banana Nut 357 8.93 3.60 0.36 3.21
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Multi Grain CHEERIOS, Peanut Butter 357 8.93 3.60 0.36 3.21
Egg Mix, USDA Commodity 171 4.28 7.40 0.74 3.16
Cereals ready-to-eat, frosted oat cereal with marshmallows 333 8.33 3.60 0.36 3.00
Cheese, dry white, queso seco 661 16.53 1.80 0.18 2.97
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Multi-Grain CHEERIOS 345 8.63 3.40 0.34 2.93
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, REESE’S PUFFS 345 8.63 3.40 0.34 2.93
Fish, sardine, Pacific, canned in tomato sauce, drained solids with bone 240 6.00 4.80 0.48 2.88
Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, MARSHMALLOW MATEYS 333 8.33 3.30 0.33 2.75
Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, COCO-ROOS 333 8.33 3.30 0.33 2.75
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, APPLE CINNAMON CHEERIOS 333 8.33 3.30 0.33 2.75
Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, CINNAMON TOASTERS 333 8.33 3.30 0.33 2.75
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, CHEERIOS, Yogurt Burst, strawberry 333 8.33 3.30 0.33 2.75
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Cinnamon CHEX 333 8.33 3.30 0.33 2.75
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, COCOA PUFFS, 25% Reduced Sugar 333 8.33 3.30 0.33 2.75
Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, Honey Nut SCOOTERS 333 8.33 3.30 0.33 2.75
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, FROSTED TOAST CRUNCH 333 8.33 3.30 0.33 2.75
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Oat Cluster CHEERIOS Crunch 296 7.40 3.70 0.37 2.74
Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, Blueberry MUFFIN TOPS Cereal 338 8.45 3.20 0.32 2.70
Milk, evaporated, 2% fat, with added vitamin A and vitamin D 267 6.68 4.00 0.40 2.67
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, 25% Less Sugar TRIX 357 8.93 2.90 0.29 2.59
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Corn CHEX 323 8.08 3.20 0.32 2.58
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, GOLDEN GRAHAMS 323 8.08 3.20 0.32 2.58
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, PEANUT BUTTER TOAST CRUNCH 323 8.08 3.20 0.32 2.58
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, HONEY NUT CHEERIOS, MEDLEY CRUNCH 323 8.08 3.20 0.32 2.58
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Apple Cinnamon CHEX 323 8.08 3.20 0.32 2.58
Fish, carp, raw 41 1.03 24.70 2.47 2.53
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Honey Nut CHEX 313 7.83 3.10 0.31 2.43
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, TRIX 313 7.83 3.10 0.31 2.43
Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, TOOTIE FRUITIES 313 7.83 3.10 0.31 2.43
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Cinnamon Burst CHEERIOS 313 7.83 3.10 0.31 2.43
Seaweed, Canadian Cultivated EMI-TSUNOMATA, dry 299 7.48 3.10 0.31 2.32
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, FRANKENBERRY 303 7.58 3.00 0.30 2.27
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, BOO BERRY 303 7.58 3.00 0.30 2.27
Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, Apple ZINGS 303 7.58 3.00 0.30 2.27
Cereals ready-to-eat, MALT-O-MEAL, CHOCOLATE MARSHMALLOW MATEYS 267 6.68 3.30 0.33 2.20
Snack, BALANCE, original bar 543 13.58 1.60 0.16 2.17
Fish, Salmon, pink, canned, drained solids, without skin and bones 60 1.50 14.10 1.41 2.12
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Chocolate CHEX 286 7.15 2.90 0.29 2.07
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, BASIC 4 455 11.38 1.80 0.18 2.05
Egg, yolk, raw, frozen, pasteurized 134 3.35 6.00 0.60 2.01
Fish, caviar, black and red, granular 275 6.88 2.90 0.29 1.99
Salmon, sockeye, canned, drained solids, without skin and bones 37 0.93 21.50 2.15 1.99
Vitasoy USA, Nasoya Lite Firm Tofu 184 4.60 3.90 0.39 1.79
Cheese, cheddar, sharp, sliced 711 17.78 1.00 0.10 1.78
Milk and cereal bar 410 10.25 1.70 0.17 1.74
Egg, yolk, raw, fresh 129 3.23 5.40 0.54 1.74
Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG’S, SPECIAL K protein, cinnamon brown sugar crunch 205 5.13 3.30 0.33 1.69
Fish, cod, Atlantic, dried and salted 160 4.00 4.00 0.40 1.60
Cheese, pasteurized process, American, without added vitamin D 1045 26.13 0.60 0.06 1.57
Cheese, parmesan, shredded 1253 31.33 0.50 0.05 1.57
Cheese, goat, hard type 895 22.38 0.70 0.07 1.57
Vitasoy USA Organic Nasoya, Tofu Plus Extra Firm 246 6.15 2.50 0.25 1.54
Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG’S COCOA KRISPIES 127 3.18 4.80 0.48 1.52
Cheese, gruyere 1011 25.28 0.60 0.06 1.52
Vitasoy USA Organic Nasoya Sprouted, Tofu Plus Super Firm 239 5.98 2.50 0.25 1.49
Vitasoy USA Organic Nasoya, Tofu Plus Firm 237 5.93 2.50 0.25 1.48
Cheese, parmesan, hard 1184 29.60 0.50 0.05 1.48
Milk, buttermilk, dried 1184 29.60 0.50 0.05 1.48
Milk, canned, evaporated, nonfat, with added vitamin A and vitamin D 290 7.25 2.00 0.20 1.45
Mushrooms, brown, italian, or crimini, exposed to ultraviolet light, raw 18 0.45 31.90 3.19 1.44
Fish, trout, rainbow, farmed, cooked, dry heat 30 0.75 19.00 1.90 1.43
Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG’S SPECIAL K Chocolate Almond 105 2.63 5.40 0.54 1.42
Cheese, romano 1064 26.60 0.50 0.05 1.33
Milk, canned, evaporated, with added vitamin D and without added vitamin A 261 6.53 2.00 0.20 1.31
Fish, salmon, coho, wild, cooked, dry heat 45 1.13 11.30 1.13 1.27
Cheese, white, queso blanco 690 17.25 0.70 0.07 1.21
Cheese, swiss, low sodium 961 24.03 0.50 0.05 1.20
Cheese, parmesan, low sodium 800 20.00 0.60 0.06 1.20
Infant formula, ABBOTT NUTRITION, SIMILAC, NATURAL CARE, ADVANCE, ready-to-feed, with ARA and DHA 163 4.08 2.90 0.29 1.18
Fish, eel, mixed species, raw 20 0.50 23.30 2.33 1.16
Cheese, Mexican, blend, reduced fat 1146 28.65 0.40 0.04 1.15
Milk, dry, whole, without added vitamin D 912 22.80 0.50 0.05 1.14
Steelhead trout, boiled, canned (Alaska Native) 30 0.75 15.10 1.51 1.13
Cheese, monterey 746 18.65 0.60 0.06 1.12
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, Wheat CHEX 213 5.33 2.10 0.21 1.12
Cheese, parmesan, dry grated, reduced fat 1109 27.73 0.40 0.04 1.11
Beverages, Malted drink mix, chocolate, with added nutrients, powder, prepared with whole milk 139 3.48 3.10 0.31 1.08
Cheese, muenster 717 17.93 0.60 0.06 1.08
Cheese, parmesan, grated 853 21.33 0.50 0.05 1.07
Cheese, cheddar 710 17.75 0.60 0.06 1.07
Cheese, low-sodium, cheddar or colby 703 17.58 0.60 0.06 1.05
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, Premature, 20 calories ready-to-feed 108 2.70 3.90 0.39 1.05
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, Premature, 24 calo ready-to-feed 108 2.70 3.90 0.39 1.05
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, Premature, 20 calories ready-to-feed Low iron 108 2.70 3.90 0.39 1.05
Infant formula, MEAD JOHNSON, ENFAMIL, Premature, 24 calories ready-to-feed Low iron 108 2.70 3.90 0.39 1.05
Cheese, colby 685 17.13 0.60 0.06 1.03
Cheese, mexican, queso cotija 800 20.00 0.50 0.05 1.00
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, FIBER ONE, Caramel Delight 200 5.00 2.00 0.20 1.00
Beverages, chocolate malt powder, prepared with 1% milk, fortified 160 4.00 2.50 0.25 1.00
Fish, herring, Atlantic, cooked, dry heat 74 1.85 5.40 0.54 1.00

 

web stats analysis program

Every day, I spend about an hour taking figures from Google Webmaster Search Analytics and adding them to a spreadsheet I manage that does some calculations and then highlights anything interesting in the data.

I got tired of the drudgery of it, so spent most of the day today building something to cut that down to just a few seconds. Basically, I just open up the new stats thing, upload a CSV file into it, and it does all the hard work itself.

And then I stuck the whole thing up on GitHub: here you go